Breast cancer can usually begin at any region in the breast or even in the areas surrounding the breast, it can be the ducts or the lobules or even in the tissue between the cells. Although breast cancer can be commonly classified as many types based on the intensity of the tumor cells. Although, there are many treatments which can be used for treating the cancer cells usually starting with the surgical procedure and then many therapies can be done for treating breast cancer. In this article, we will see the various types of breast cancer and also we will see the causes which has caused the growth of cancer cells.
Various Types Of Breast Cancer:
The various types of breast cancer that commonly occurs among all the women can be classified as follows:
Ductal Carcinoma in Situ:
This type of cancer is non-evasive in nature where the abnormal cells gets developed in the walls of the breast milk duct. These cells also do not have the capability of spreading outside the breast duct and cancer cells also can be treated very well if detected in early stages, if detected in later stages or unidentified , then there are high chances that it may get spread into the other layers of the breast tissue duct.
Invasive Ductal Carcinoma:
This type of cancer is mostly found in the milk ducts, and also spreads beyond the breast layer and breast tissue. They not only spread to the the breast tissue but also they have the capability to spread among other parts of the body. In other words, the invasive ductal carcinoma is also called as the infiltrative ductal carcinoma. These types of cancer are the most commonly occurring ones among the breast cancer problems and account nearly for 75% of the cancer patients.
The difference between the DCIS and IDC is that the region of occurrence of the cancer cells and the level of impact between the two types and the staging and invading of the cells,will also help in the identification and treatment of these types.
Triple Negative Breast Cancer:
The triple negative breast cancer is the type of the breast cancer which do not have the three major receptors which are responsible for the growth of cancer cells in the breast region. The major type of receptors are the Estrogen, Progesterone and the HER2 hormones, which are the main causes for the growth of cancer cells in the immune system. This signifies that there is no epidermal growth factor receptors, and the other receptors. Several treatments which are commonly used to treat cancer are chemotherapy, radiation therapy and several other procedures based on the type of breast cancer present in the region.
Commonly, people who are at a younger age are most commonly affected due to this type of cancer and the African and American women are prone to this disease.
Inflammatory Breast Cancer:
These are aggressive in nature and one of the fastly growing cancer among the women. The cancer cells in this type has the ability to infiltrate the layers of the skin and the lymph nodes in the breast region. The major drawback is that there is no presence of lump or tumor found in the breast region and hence can be a hefty task to detect the presence of this cancer. When the lymph vessels get totally coagulated, the symptoms may start to show in the breast region which may be continuous itching or the presence of rashes or irritation in the breast region.Usually people who are affected with inflammatory breast cancer are said to have been in the stage 3 of the breast cancer.
Metastatic Breast Cancer:
The metastatic breast cancer is the final stage or stage 4 cancer, if described in physician’s terminology where the cancer has been spread all over the body and has started to stop the functioning of the major organs like the liver, kidney etc.These cancer cells usually attack the healthy cells which are near to them,thus causing cancer. These cells have the ability to penetrate into the circulatory or the lymph nodes in the body.
Breast Cancer During Pregnancy:
At times, people who are pregnant can also be possibly affected with the breast cancer, but it is a rare phenomenon. Women diagnosed with breast cancer at the time of pregnancy have to take care of the unborn child which is a tremendous stress and a tedious task to perform usually. But the best part is that many treatments are available all over the globe to cure such types of cancer in the pregnant women.
Some Other Types:
- Medullary Carcinoma is a type of breast cancer which is detected with the help of mammogram and can gives the feeling of a spongy change in the tissues surrounding the breast.
- Mucinous Carcinoma is a type of breast cancer which is most commonly found in the breast region and the main cause for the occurrence of such cancers is due production of mucus and unclear functioning of the cells.