Pregnancy is the most overjoyed and also the most cautioned stage in the life of a women. To know whether a women is pregnant, there are several symptoms of pregnancy which we have clearly explained in our previous article. Usually the pregnancy period for a women ranges around 40 weeks or to be more specific it can be said as 10 months. This can be classified into various stages depending upon on the development of the foetus. In this article, we will have a discussion on the various Pregnancy Stages by classifying them into three phases.
Various Stages of Pregnancy:
There are usually three stages in the pregnancy phases and they are classified into three trimesters. Let us have an understanding about these three trimesters and their role in pregnancy,
The first trimester is usually calculated from the 1st week of the formation of the baby till the 12th week of pregnancy. In this phase, the immune system of the women undergoes several changes and you can witness the effect of hormones in almost every organs in the body. These changes can be noticed right from the first week of pregnancy and also you will miss your regular menstrual periods on confirmation of pregnancy. Some of the other symptoms which you may experience during this trimester are,
- Extreme tiredness and Mood Swings.
- Tenderness and Swollen Breasts along with peaked nipples.
- Weight loss or gain
- Heartburn and indigestion problems caused by bowel movements.
Since these changes starts to occur in your body, you have to adapt yourself to the new conditions to maintain good health such as going to bed early or munching food at regular intervals or consumption of small quantities of meals. The ultimate fortune is, these symptoms usually fade away after the initial stages of pregnancy. There are women who never sense any difficulty or differentiation of these symptoms during pregnancy. Similar to different categories of woman in behavior and character, the pregnancy also behaves in such a way differing from person to person.
The second trimester is usually calculated from the 13th week of the pregnancy to the 28th week of the pregnancy for a woman. This phase is usually much comfortable and much easier to get adapted to women when comparing the factors that arose in the first trimester. But, women should stay focussed in this phase of pregnancy and maintain awareness about the health. Several changes like the disappearance of nausea and fatigues can be experienced as well as new enclosures such as the elongation of the stomach can be seen and also the movements of the baby inside can be witnessed before the end of this trimester. Since there are more changes pertaining to the elongation of various muscles in the body, the women may experience some of the following symptoms,
- Body pains may be frequently seen in women such as the back pain, abdomen pain, pain in the groin area and the thighs.
- You may get some marks as a result of stretching your muscles in the abdomen and breasts along with thighs.
- The region around your nipples may change its complexion and some people may develop the carpal tunnel syndrome.
- Common regions of swelling are the face, hands and the ankles.
The third trimester is usually calculated from the 29th week of the pregnancy to the 40th week of the pregnancy, where the women delivers the baby. This phase is going to stretch most of the women as they are rested from doing any work and settled in home expecting the delivery pain. In this stage, you will have some of the same scenarios which discomforted you in the second trimester. In addition, some women may find difficulty in breathing problems and some may find it difficult to go to bathroom since the baby is grown up and has added pressure on your other organs. There is no need of worrying at these times, since they are common and it is a clear sign of the wellness of the baby. Some of the added immune changes in this trimester may include:
- Difficulty in breathing along with difficulty in digesting the food at times.
- Tender breasts which may leak some pre-milk in a watery nature which is often called the colostrum.
- The belly button may come out from its normal position and the baby changes its position keeping its head down for better delivery prospects.
As the date of delivery comes closer, the cervical lining becomes mild and thin in nature which normally occurs among all women to ensure comfortableness for the women at the time of delivery. As the due date nears, a vaginal examination may be done by your physician to ensure smooth and safe delivery.
Precautionary Measures to be taken:
Even though each and every trimester may give you a sense of excitement and enjoyment, care should be taken to take care of the pregnant women right from the moment of pregnancy confirmation. Regular check-ups with your doctor must be followed which includes scanning process revealing the growth of the baby inside the mother’s womb.
The pills prescribed should be consumed regularly without any skipping and healthy foods as prescribed should be taken to ensure the health of the women as well as the baby. Fresh fruits and vegetables can be included in the diet and some fruits like papaya should be avoided immediately. Little amount of exercises can be done to maintain the fitness levels of the women.